Aquatic ecosystems are of global importance for maintaining high levels of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and for the number of livelihoods dependent on them. In Bangladesh, coastal and delta communities rely on these systems for a livelihood, and the sustainability of the productivity is seriously threatened by both climate change and unsustainable management. These multiple.. Read More
Carbon dioxide emission and bio-capacity indexing for transportation activities: A methodological development in determining the sustainability of vehicular transportation systems
CO2 emissions from urban traffic are a major concern in an era of increasing ecological disequilibrium. Adding to the problem net CO2 emissions in urban settings are worsened due to the decline of bio-productive areas in many cities. This decline exacerbates the lack of capacity to sequestrate CO2 at the micro and meso-scales resulting in.. Read More
In this paper, a decentralized low-cost water treatment plant is designed using empirical equations. From the analysis of water quality of Bangladesh, it is seen that the standard level of water quality is not maintained in Bangladesh. First, the primary treatment plant is designed including septic tank and anaerobic pond design. But only primary plant.. Read More
Climate change is expected to disproportionately affect agriculture; however, there is limited information on smallholder farmers ’ overall vulnerability and adaptation needs. This paper estimates the impact of climatic shocks on the household agricultural income and subsequently, on farmers ’ adaptation strategies. Relying on data from a survey conducted in several communities in Bangladesh in 2011 and based.. Read More
The Indigenous (Adivasi) Munda community in the village of Kalinchi in Shyamnagar upazilla (subdistrict), Satkhira of Bangladesh has undergone severe threats to livelihood due to the long-term effects of climatic disasters (such as: tropical cyclones, floods, salinity intrusion, famine, and heat waves). Kalinchi is situated adjacent to the riverbank of Dhojikhali near the Sundarbans Forest… Read More
Impacts of climate change on groundwater level and irrigation cost in a groundwater dependent irrigated region
The objective of the present study was to assess the impacts of climate change on irrigation cost in a groundwater dependent irrigated region in northwest Bangladesh. An ensemble of general circulation model (GCMs) were used for the projection of climate, an empirical hydrological model based on support vector machine (SVM) was used to simulate groundwater.. Read More
Disaster Risk Reduction and Sustainable Natural Resource Management: Policy and Practice in Bangladesh
This presentation talks about ecosystem services, the link between ecosystems and disaster resilience & vulnerability, Nature-based Solutions (NbS), examples of Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) & Ecosystem-based Disaster Risk Reduction (Eco-DRR), case studies from Bangladesh on EbA and Eco-DRR, issues around NbS, a case study on DRR in the Cox’s Bazar refugee camps in Bangladesh, and opportunity.. Read More
This book examines the key Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs) relating to environmental sustainability and provides a cutting-edge assessment of current progress with the view of achieving these goals by 2030. Within South Asia, the book pays particular attention to Bangladesh, as a country representative of emerging economies which are struggling to meet their goals. Drawing.. Read More
Building climate-resilient, migrant-friendly cities and towns in Bangladesh has become an urgent need in order to tackle the adverse effects of future climate change. Infrastructure which cannot only absorb shocks, but also attract rural people providing services and livelihood opportunities will ease the population pressure on major cities.
The association between temperature, rainfall and humidity with common climate-sensitive infectious diseases in Bangladesh.
Bangladesh is one of the world’s most vulnerable countries for climate change. This observational study examined the association of temperature, humidity and rainfall with six common climate-sensitive infectious diseases in adults (malaria, diarrheal disease, enteric fever, encephalitis, pneumonia and bacterial meningitis) in northeastern Bangladesh. Subjects admitted to the adult medicine ward of a tertiary referral.. Read More