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Adaptation to climate change in agriculture in Bangladesh: The role of formal institutions

Bangladesh is very vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, and adaptation is emerging as a key policy response. Place based programs that build adaptive capacity are needed. This paper explores the effectiveness of formal institutions in climate change adaptation for agriculture from the perspectives of farmers and institutional communities of practice within two drought-prone areas in Bangladesh. Our findings show that formal institutions via their communities of practice play an important role in building place based capacity for mitigation and adaptation strategies in agriculture... Read more

Climate change and forced migrations: An effort towards recognizing climate refugees

The scientific community has long urged for the broadening of the refugee term, which remains identical since the 1951 Refugee Convention, despite strong evidence showing connections between forced migration and climate change. Even though the concept of climate and environmental refugees is not legally recognized, the discussion concerning these definitions is increasing. Furthermore, with the.. Read More

Degraded Coastal Wetland Ecosystems in the Ganges-Brahmaputra Rivers Delta Region of Bangladesh

The Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Rivers carry 6 million m3/s water and 2.4 billion tons of sediments annually into the Bay of Bengal, but it shows no tendency toward rapid seaward progradation. Bangladesh coastal region is gifted with vast natural resources, delta, tidal flat, mangrove forests, march, lagoon, bars, spilt, estuary and coastal ecological environment which is very.. Read More

Spatial and Temporal Variation of Soil and Water Salinity in the South‐Western and South‐Central Coastal Region of Bangladesh

Salinity intrusion is one of the major water-related problems in the coastal region of Bangladesh. The intention of this study was to discuss the spatial distribution of soil and water salinity with their severity levels using geospatial techniques. The spatial analysis shows about 222 300 ha of new land being affected by various degrees of.. Read More

A study of groundwater irrigation water quality in south-central Bangladesh: a geo-statistical model approach using GIS and multivariate statistics

Southern Bangladesh’s irrigation and drinking water is threatened by saline intrusion. This study aimed to establish an irrigation water quality index (IWQI) using a geostatistical model and multivariate indices in Gopalganj district, south-central Bangladesh. Groundwater samples were taken randomly (different depths) in two seasons (wet-monsoon and dry-monsoon). Hydrochemical analysis revealed groundwater in this area was.. Read More

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Municipal solid waste to energy generation: An approach for enhancing climate co-benefits in the urban areas of Bangladesh

Ever-growing scarcity of land resources around the world brands the waste to energy (WtE) strategy as a promising option for municipal solid waste (MSW) management. WtE conversion not only reduce the land pressure problem in urban areas, but also generate electricity and heat to supply to the surrounding urban areas. Moreover it also warrants climate.. Read More

Narrative as a Method for Eliciting Tacit Knowledge of Climate Variability in Bangladesh

Climate change adaptation has increasingly come to be conceptualised as a place-based social process, in large part mediated by the local cultural context. The specificity of adaptation has called for partnerships between scientific and local communities to co-produce knowledge of climate variability (weather) and longer-term climate change. However, this raises numerous methodological challenges, including how.. Read More

Narrative as a Method for Eliciting Tacit Knowledge of Climate Variability in Bangladesh

Climate change adaptation has increasingly come to be conceptualised as a place-based social process, in large part mediated by the local cultural context. The specificity of adaptation has called for partnerships between scientific and local communities to co-produce knowledge of climate variability (weather) and longer-term climate change. However, this raises numerous methodological challenges, including how.. Read More

A Climate Migrant’s Story from an Urban Slum in Dhaka

Non-economic loss and damage (NELD) — which refers to the adverse consequences (avoidable, non-avoidable, or non-adaptable) of climatic stress on items that are not traded in markets — has been an important part of the climate change agenda. Although these consequences are not measured in financial terms, they have a strong meaning for people having to deal with.. Read More

Strategy Formulation and Adaptation Pathways Generation for Sustainable Development of Western Floodplain of Ganges

The coastal zone of Bangladesh is very heterogeneous in nature and has marvelous potential to create opportunities of national importance and contribute to GDP. Among the potentials—intensification of agriculture, aqua-culture and marine fishery, ship building industry, eco-tourism, deep sea port etc. are most significant. Unfortunately, the coastal zone of the country is disaster prone area… Read More

Transforming organic prawn farming in Bangladesh: potentials and challenges

Although giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii de Man) farming is widely practiced in southwest Bangladesh due to favorable biophysical resources and agro-climatic conditions, organic prawn culture has not yet taken off. However, the culture of wild prawn postlarvae and the use of snail meat and farm-made feeds with cow dung in many respects are considered.. Read More

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