Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Drought Hazard Evaluation in Boro Paddy Cultivated Areas of Western Bangladesh at Current and Future Climate Change Conditions

Drought hazard is one of the main hindrances for sustaining food security in Bangladesh, and climate change may exacerbate it in the next several decades. This study aims to evaluate drought hazard at current and future climate change conditions in the Boro paddy cultivated areas of western Bangladesh using simulated climate data from the outputs.. Read More

Small scale freshwater ponds in rural Bangladesh: navigating roles and services

The purpose of the paper is to explore the multidimensional roles of small freshwater ponds of rural Bangladesh. Ponds are a common landscape feature in rural Bangladesh, however, their multipurpose roles other than aquaculture are generally overlooked. Applying a key information-based interview method, the paper explores major uses and services of rural ponds, changes of.. Read More


Assessment of fresh water security in coastal Bangladesh: An insight from salinity, community perception and adaptation

Safe drinking water scarcity is an acute problem in the coastal regions of Bangladesh which is mainly caused by salinity intrusion. In this context, drinking water sources are severely affected, including adverse effects on agriculture, health, fisheries and the ecosystem. This research investigates i) selected water quality parameters ii) local people’s perception on drinking water.. Read More

Gender and climate change

This study reviews the literature on gender relations and climate change. Gender analysis contributes to our understanding of: (1) vulnerability and climate change impacts; (2) adaptations in different contexts; (3) responsibility for greenhouse gas emissions; (4) inequalities in climate governance; and (5) knowledges and social action on climate change. Overall, the literature has established that.. Read More


Farm-level Adaptation to Climate Change in Western Bangladesh: An Analysis of Adaptation Dynamics, Profitability and Risks

Using long-term district-level climate data and a case study from a drought-prone village in western Bangladesh, this research explores trends in climate change, and analyses farmers’ adaptation dynamics, profitability and risks. This is the first study of its kind for drought-prone areas in Bangladesh. District-level temperature trended upwards across all seasons except in winter, while.. Read More

Metabolic heat production by human and animal populations in cities

Anthropogenic heating from building energy use, vehicle fuel consumption, and human metabolism is a key term in the urban energy budget equation. Heating from human metabolism, however, is often excluded from urban energy budgets because it is widely observed to be negligible. Few reports for low-latitude cities are available to support this observation, and no.. Read More


Greenhouse gas footprint and the carbon flow associated with different solid waste management strategy for urban metabolism in Bangladesh

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from municipal solid waste (MSW) and associated climate change consequences are gripping attention globally, while MSW management as a vital subsystem of urban metabolism significantly influences the urban carbon cycles. This study evaluates the GHG emissions and carbon flow of existing and proposed MSW management in Bangladesh through scenario analysis, including.. Read More

Flood in a Changing Climate: The Impact on Livelihood and How the Rural Poor Cope in Bangladesh

It is already documented that climate change will lead to an intensification of the global water cycle with a consequent increase in flood hazards. Bangladesh is also facing an increasing trend of flood disasters. Among the various risks and disasters in Bangladesh, flood is the most common and frequent. Floods make people vulnerable, as they.. Read More


A critical assessment of knowledge quality for climate adaptation in Sylhet Division, Bangladesh

There are numerous challenges to mobilising high quality knowledge in support of climate adaptation. Urgent adaptive action often has to be taken on the basis of imperfect information, with the risk of maladaptive consequences. These issues of knowledge quality can be particularly acute in vulnerable developing countries like Bangladesh, where there can be less capacity.. Read More

Feasibility study of waste to energy and power generation of Dhaka city

Bangladesh is a developing country with high population density and rich in natural resource. People of Bangladesh are gradually shifting from agricultural to a more service oriented economy. This means for millions of Bangladeshi now have the ability to consume an enormous variety of goods and services that were previously either unavailable or unaffordable. From.. Read More