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The impact of climate change in Bangladesh on the rice market and farm households

Bangladesh is trying to achieve self-sufficiency in domestic rice production but climate change effects on agricultural production makes it challenging to attain the goal. The country is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change since it is the major cause to rise in sea level, more warm summer, and happening food and cyclone in the country. This study develops an Aggregate Farm Household Model to analyze the impact of potential land loss and yield reduction from climate change on production, consumption, prices, welfare, and the ability of government to achieve self-sufficiency.. Read more

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Factors associated with small-scale agricultural machinery adoption in Bangladesh: Census findings

There is strong advocacy for agricultural machinery appropriate for smallholder farmers in South Asia. Such ‘scale-appropriate’ machinery can increase returns to land and labour, although the still substantial capital investment required can preclude smallholder ownership. Increasing machinery demand has resulted in relatively well-developed markets for rental services for tillage, irrigation, and post-harvest operations. Many smallholders.. Read More

Productivity, profitability, and energetics: A multi-criteria assessmentof farmers’ tillage and crop establishment options for maize inintensively cultivated environments of South Asia

tResponding to increasing demand from poultry and fish feed industries, maize area is rapidly expandingin South Asia. Current tillage and crop establishment (TCE) practices are however associated with highlevels of input use, including direct and indirect forms of energy. In Bangladesh, policy makers emphasizethe need to reduce the USD 1.4 billion year−1agricultural energy subsidy. Bangladeshi.. Read More

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Forgoing the fallow in Bangladesh’s stress-prone coastal deltaicenvironments: Effect of sowing date, nitrogen, and genotype onwheat yield in farmers’ fields

Rising wheat demand in South Asia necessitates crop intensification to meet food security needs.Increased grain output can be achieved by bridging yield gaps on currently farmed land or by expandingcultivation to new land, though the latter entails environmental trade-offs and offers limited potentialas most of South Asia’s arable land is already cropped. Alternatively, opportunities for.. Read More

Forest Protected Area Systems and Biodiversity Conservation in Bangladesh

Despite of being an exceptionally biodiversity rich country, the forest coverage of Bangladesh is declining at an alarming rate. Declaration and management of protected areas in this regard is one of the efforts from government side to tackle the loss of biodiversity. The limited numbers of forest-protected areas (FPA), established to conserve the dwindling forest.. Read More

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Declining trends of water requirements of dry season Boro rice in the north-west Bangladesh

The drought prone North-West Bangladesh is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, particularly because of less water availability in the dry period and high water requirement for crop production. Improved understanding of recent changes in crop water demand in the dry season is important for the water resources management in the region. A study.. Read More

Can Bangladesh produce enough cereals to meet future demand?

Bangladesh faces huge challenges in achieving food security due to its high population, diet changes, and limited room for expanding cropland and cropping intensity. The objective of this study is to assess the degree to which Bangladesh can be self-sufficient in terms of domestic maize, rice and wheat production by the years 2030 and 2050.. Read More

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Moving Beyond the Focus on Environmental Migration Towards Recognizing the Normality of Translocal Lives: Insights from Bangladesh

In the popular debate about climate change and adaptation in Bangladesh, migration is most often framed in a negative light: People are fleeing due to environmental changes and are displaced in the wake of disasters. Mobility is largely seen as a reaction and migrants as more or less passive victims of climate change. While numerous.. Read More

Unlocking community capability through promotion of self-help for health: experience from Chakaria, Bangladesh

Background People’s participation in health, enshrined in the 1978 Alma Ata declaration, seeks to tap into community capability for better health and empowerment. One mechanism to promote participation in health is through participatory action research (PAR) methods. Beginning in 1994, the Bangladeshi research organization ICDDR,B implemented a project “self-help for health,” to work with existing.. Read More

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Ideals and institutions: Systemic reasons for the failure of a social forestry program in south-west Bangladesh

We explore the contradictions between the ideals and principles of Community-Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) and the local-level institutional processes encountered in their implementation. In particular, we examine the design, implementation, and outcomes of the Social Forestry Program (SFP) in the south-west coastal region of Bangladesh through case studies of two villages in Khulna District… Read More

Environmental Law of Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a South Asian developing country. The country is one of the most densely populated countries in the world with 147,570 sq. km. of total land area and about 160 million people. Bangladesh is gifted with land, water, climate, natural and human resources. However, it lacks conservation and sustainable utilisation of these resources. Environmental.. Read More

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