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Adaptation pathways to cope with salinization in south-west coastal region of Bangladesh

ABSTRACT. Salinization in coastal regions of Bangladesh challenges sustainable development of different sectors like agriculture, forestry, fisheries, livestock, and health. Particularly its southwest region largely faces increased salinity risks because of its geographical location and environmental settings. This study analyzes the causes of salinity increase, their cascading impacts on different coastal systems, and their livelihood implications, and assesses potential coping measures through innovative adaptation pathways for the most affected coastal systems. These pathways integrate.. Read more



This study draws on structured interviews of 285 villagers and semi-structured interviews of 20 key stakeholders to investigate the effectiveness of resourcing for post-disaster housing reconstruction in Bangladesh. Through evaluating post-disaster housing reconstruction theories and approaches, the synthesis of literature and empirical fieldwork, this paper develops a dynamic theoretical framework that moves the trajectory of post-disaster housing reconstruction towards.. Read More

Building Urban Resilience – Assessing Urban and Peri-urban Agriculture in Dhaka, Bangladesh

The world’s population crossed the 7 billion mark in 2011. is historic landmark underscores the massive challenges of food, ber, water and shelter created by an ever-increasing human population. e challenges will be greater by the middle of the current century, when the population is projected to increase to 11 billion (UNFPA, 2010). According to UNFPA projections, within.. Read More


Impacts and responses to environmental change in coastal livelihoods of south-west Bangladesh

Aquatic ecosystems are of global importance for maintaining high levels of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and for the number of livelihoods dependent on them. In Bangladesh, coastal and delta communities rely on these systems for a livelihood, and the sustainability of the productivity is seriously threatened by both climate change and unsustainable management. These multiple.. Read More

Carbon dioxide emission and bio-capacity indexing for transportation activities: A methodological development in determining the sustainability of vehicular transportation systems

CO2 emissions from urban traffic are a major concern in an era of increasing ecological disequilibrium. Adding to the problem net CO2 emissions in urban settings are worsened due to the decline of bio-productive areas in many cities. This decline exacerbates the lack of capacity to sequestrate CO2 at the micro and meso-scales resulting in.. Read More


Design and feasibility analysis of a low-cost water treatment plant for rural regions of Bangladesh

In this paper, a decentralized low-cost water treatment plant is designed using empirical equations. From the analysis of water quality of Bangladesh, it is seen that the standard level of water quality is not maintained in Bangladesh. First, the primary treatment plant is designed including septic tank and anaerobic pond design. But only primary plant.. Read More

Adaptation to Climate Change in Bangladesh

Climate change is expected to disproportionately affect agriculture; however, there is limited information on smallholder farmers ’ overall vulnerability and adaptation needs. This paper estimates the impact of climatic shocks on the household agricultural income and subsequently, on farmers ’ adaptation strategies. Relying on data from a survey conducted in several communities in Bangladesh in 2011 and based.. Read More

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Livelihood Resilience of the Indigenous Munda Community in the Bangladesh Sundarbans Forest

The Indigenous (Adivasi) Munda community in the village of Kalinchi in Shyamnagar upazilla (subdistrict), Satkhira of Bangladesh has undergone severe threats to livelihood due to the long-term effects of climatic disasters (such as: tropical cyclones, floods, salinity intrusion, famine, and heat waves). Kalinchi is situated adjacent to the riverbank of Dhojikhali near the Sundarbans Forest… Read More

Impacts of climate change on groundwater level and irrigation cost in a groundwater dependent irrigated region

The objective of the present study was to assess the impacts of climate change on irrigation cost in a groundwater dependent irrigated region in northwest Bangladesh. An ensemble of general circulation model (GCMs) were used for the projection of climate, an empirical hydrological model based on support vector machine (SVM) was used to simulate groundwater.. Read More


Disaster Risk Reduction and Sustainable Natural Resource Management: Policy and Practice in Bangladesh

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This presentation talks about ecosystem services, the link between ecosystems and disaster resilience & vulnerability, Nature-based Solutions (NbS), examples of Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) & Ecosystem-based Disaster Risk Reduction (Eco-DRR), case studies from Bangladesh on EbA and Eco-DRR, issues around NbS, a case study on DRR in the Cox’s Bazar refugee camps in Bangladesh, and opportunity.. Read More

The Environmental Sustainable Development Goals in Bangladesh [eBook]

This book examines the key Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs) relating to environmental sustainability and provides a cutting-edge assessment of current progress with the view of achieving these goals by 2030. Within South Asia, the book pays particular attention to Bangladesh, as a country representative of emerging economies which are struggling to meet their goals. Drawing.. Read More