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Evaluating the contribution of diversified shrimp-rice agroecosystems in Bangladesh and West Bengal, India to social-ecological resilience

Shrimp-rice farming practices in the coastal areas of Bangladesh and West Bengal, India are reviewed. It is apparent that this integrated aquaculture-agriculture system is suited to environmental and hydrological conditions found in specific areas. Production strategies devised by farmers demonstrate that the diversified culture of shrimp with rice is technically feasible. Shrimp-rice agroecosystems exhibit several synergistic effects between systems components that result in efficient resource use and enhanced production, whilst avoiding negative environmental impacts. Integrated cropping.. Read more

Adaptation to climate change in agriculture in Bangladesh: The role of formal institutions

Bangladesh is very vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, and adaptation is emerging as a key policy response. Place based programs that build adaptive capacity are needed. This paper explores the effectiveness of formal institutions in climate change adaptation for agriculture from the perspectives of farmers and institutional communities of practice within two drought-prone.. Read More

Social, hydro-ecological and climatic change in the southwest coastal region of Bangladesh

  • Roy, et al.
  • 2017

This study investigates the historical development of the southwest coastal region of Bangladesh through the lens of human-delta co-evolutionary system. The change process of social and hydro-ecological systems is described based on the drivers–pressure–state–impact–response (DPSIR) framework. The multiple physical and socio-economic drivers such as climatic change, upstream development, geologic process, land use change-affected river flow,.. Read More

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Impact of Dam on Flow Regime and Flood Plain Modification in Punarbhaba River Basin of Indo-Bangladesh Barind Tract

Punarbhaba river basin of Indo-Bangladesh (5265.93 sq. km) is an evident example of hydrologically and ecologically modified river since 1992. One dam was installed over Dhepa River in 1992, which is main water supplier to Punarbhaba River at Birganj (25°51′46″N and 88°39′52″E) in Bangladesh. Since then, flow character of the river has changed as well.. Read More

Defining and Predicting Heat Waves in Bangladesh

This paper proposes a heat wave definition for Bangladesh that could be used to trigger preparedness measures in a heat early warning system (HEWS) and explores the climate mechanisms associated with heat waves. A HEWS requires a definition of heat waves that is both related to human health outcomes and forecastable. No such definition has.. Read More

AMS

Climate change and forced migrations: An effort towards recognizing climate refugees

The scientific community has long urged for the broadening of the refugee term, which remains identical since the 1951 Refugee Convention, despite strong evidence showing connections between forced migration and climate change. Even though the concept of climate and environmental refugees is not legally recognized, the discussion concerning these definitions is increasing. Furthermore, with the.. Read More

Socioeconomic conditions and health hazards of brick field workers: A case study of Mymensingh brick industrial area of Bangladesh

  • Das, et al.
  • 2017

The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of brick kilns on socioeconomic conditions working environment, hazards and risk associated with each of the tasks as well as the negative effect of hazardous work of brick field workers. A semi-structured survey has been served as the main data collection method from the different.. Read More

Academic Journals
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Cultural diffusion of Indo-Aryan languages into Bangladesh: A perspective from mitochondrial DNA

  • Li, et al.
  • 2017

Although both linguistic and historical studies indicated only a small group of Aryans had been involved into the diffusion of Indo-Aryan languages into Bangladesh, no genetic studies had been carried out to prove this notion. By studying mitochondrial DNA variants of 240 Bengali speakers in Bangladesh, among which 23 mitogenomes are completely sequenced, we found.. Read More

Socioeconomic risk factors for cholera in different transmission settings: An analysis of the data of a cluster randomized trial in Bangladesh

Background Cholera remains a threat globally, and socioeconomic factors play an important role in transmission of the disease. We assessed socioeconomic risk factors for cholera in vaccinated and non-vaccinated communities to understand whether the socioeconomic risk factors differ by transmission patterns for cholera. Methods We used data from a cluster randomized control trial conducted in.. Read More

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Modeling on management strategies of slope stability and susceptibility to landslides catastrophe at hilly region in Bangladesh

The hilly terrain in the southeastern part of Bangladesh particularly Khulshi Thana at Chittagong City has the long history of slope instability. The present study, therefore, tried to analyze the slope stability of vulnerable slope using Scheidegger 1970 slope stability method. Moreover, the purpose of the exploration is to find out causes of slope instability,.. Read More

Assessing Risks from Cyclones for Human Lives and Livelihoods in the Coastal Region of Bangladesh

As a disaster prone country, Bangladesh is regularly hit by natural hazards, including devastating cyclones, such as in 1970, 1991 and 2007. Although the number of cyclones’ fatalities reduced from 0.3 million in 1970 to a few thousand or fewer in recent events, loss of lives and impact on livelihoods remains a concern. It depends.. Read More

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