Assessing the impact of climate change on water resources using the loss and damage framework
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This study will primarily focus on the impact of climate change on water resources using the loss and damage framework. It will further advocate on the mainstreaming of climate change into Hydro Nation policy to be developed by the Scottish Government. The main aim is to investigate how best to integrate robust ‘climate ready’ evidence into ground trans-boundary water agreements. Bangladesh is considered as a case study, from which international lessons can be drawn. The principle research question is – how might climate change induced loss and damage in the greater Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) delta informs regional water accords? Secondary research questions are – (i) what is the state of water resource availability in the GBM region? (ii) what is the trajectory of climate change induced loss and damage for the water resources sector? (iii) how variable is the economic, social and environmental value of water, as well as what might be the economic and non-economic dimensions of risk in future? (iv) what is the state of trans-boundary water negotiation between the co-riparian countries (Bangladesh and India), including what are the ‘dead-lock’ and ‘common’ issues hindering the negotiation process? (v) how can the issues related to sustainable development, climate change adaptation and loss and damage be mainstreamed under a common river basin management approach?
Ultimately, the research framework will help in the basin-scale water management between Bangladesh and India, considering the issues related to climate change and loss and damage. Dispute resolution in the trans-boundary negotiation process, both pertinent to GBM basins and Scotland’s position from a Hydro Nation policy perspective will benefit from this research.