Habitat International

Planning for sustainable urbanisation in fast growing cities: Mitigation and adaptation issues addressed in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Issues related to sustainable urbanisation are best addressed when coordinated within a strategic framework and facilitated by a system of policy formulation that combines local opinions with scientific insights. This implies that planning for sustainable urbanisation has the potential to minimise climate change threats. While there is a pressing need for this potential to be.. Read More

Women’s vulnerability to water-related hazards: comparing three areas affected by climate change in Bangladesh

Various climate change-related events such as heatwaves, cold waves, flood, drought, sea-level rise (SLR), salinity intrusion and cyclones have both direct and indirect adverse impacts on human beings. This paper is primarily based on a study conducted to explore gender vulnerability at the community level due to water-related natural hazards (flood, drought and salinity intrusion).. Read More

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Climate Change and Security in Bangladesh

This paper explores the potential impact of climate change on security and conflict in Bangladesh. The authors argue that as the relationship between climate change and security depends on a chain of consequences, climate change-induced environmental degradation can undermine livelihoods and thus reduce basic human security as competition intensifies. The authors provide recommendations and state.. Read More

Vulnerability of national economies to the impacts of climate change on fisheries

Anthropogenic global warming has significantly influenced physical and biological processes at global and regional scales. The observed and anticipated changes in global climate present significant opportunities and challenges for societies and economies. We compare the vulnerability of 132 national economies to potential climate change impacts on their capture fisheries using an indicator-based approach. Countries in.. Read More

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Economic valuation of flood risk exposure and reduction in a severely flood prone developing country

This paper presents the results of a dichotomous choice contingent valuation (CV) study of reduced flood risks in Bangladesh. Sensitivity of willingness to pay (WTP) to varying risk exposure levels is tested in a ‘natural experiment’, targeting floodplain residents facing regular annual flooding and a disaster flood once every five to ten years. Accounting for.. Read More

Climate change, flooding and food security in south Asia

The most vulnerable groups in terms of food security during floods in south Asia under climate change will be the poor, women and children. Current procedures for the transfer of climate adaptation funds tend to marginalize these groups. Food production is being disrupted by flooding more frequently and more severely than before, due to climate.. Read More

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Influence of Catastrophic Climatic Events and Human Waste on Vibrio Distribution in the Karnaphuli Estuary, Bangladesh

Vibrios are bacteria of marine and estuarine origin that can cause human diseases, such as cholera, and also affect aquatic organisms. The impact of storm-driven changes in salinity and suspended particulate matter (SPM) on cultivable Vibrio counts (CVC) and distribution in Karnaphuli estuary, Bangladesh, was compared before and after a strong cyclone in mid May.. Read More

Natural Disasters, Self-Insurance And Human Capital Investment: Evidence From Bangladesh, Ethiopia And Malawi

This paper examines the impacts of disasters on dynamic human capital production using panel data from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and Malawi. The empirical results show that the accumulation of biological human capital prior to disasters helps children maintain investments in the post-disaster period. Biological human capital formed in early childhood (long-term nutritional status) plays a role.. Read More

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Climate Change Vulnerability in Bangladesh

Climate change is a major threat to sustainable growth and development in Bangladesh, and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals: urgent action is needed. Although Bangladesh is the country least responsible for climate change, it is particularly vulnerable to the effects, including reduced agricultural production, worsening food security, the increased incidence of both flooding.. Read More

Assessing vulnerability and adaptive capacity to climate risks: methods for investigation at local and national levels

This paper presents the research and learning approach of a World Bank study, and offers emerging findings on policy, as well as institutional questions surrounding adaptation arenas in Bangladesh, Bolivia, Ethiopia, Ghana and Mozambique. It outlines the methodological approach of the social component of the World Bank’s Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change study, which.. Read More

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