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Mangrove community recovery potential after catastrophic disturbances in Bangladesh

The objective of this study was to compare the variation in the soil seed banks and the aboveground vegetation in relation to three habitats, i.e., swamp forests, grassland and sand dunes within the Sundarbans mangrove forests of Bangladesh. We collected vegetation data (species and their percentage cover) by using quadrat sampling: 10 m × 10.. Read More

Coastal hazards and community-coping methods in Bangladesh

Addressing one of the most vulnerable coastal communities in Bangladesh, this paper explores people’s perception and vulnerabilities to coastal hazards. At the same time, it investigates the methods that communities apply to cope with different coastal hazards. Findings revealed that people perceived an increase in both the intensity of hazards and their vulnerabilities. In spite.. Read More

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Shifting prevalence of major diarrheal pathogens in patients seeking hospital care during floods in 1998, 2004, and 2007 in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Bangladesh experienced severe flooding and diarrheal epidemics in 2007. We compared flood data from 2007 with 2004 and 1998 for diarrheal patients attending the ICDDR,B hospital in Dhaka. In 2007, Vibrio cholerae O1 (33%), rotavirus (12%), and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) (12%) were most prevalent. More severe dehydration was seen in 2007 compared with 2004.. Read More

Surviving Cyclones: The Indigenous Wisdom

Cyclones are intense low-pressure systems that form over tropical oceans with sustained winds exceeding 63 km/hr surrounding the center. Bangladesh, due to its conical shape and location on the tip of the Bay of Bengal, is vulnerable to periodic natural disasters especially cyclones. Cyclone “Sidr” ravaged the coastal belt of Bangladesh on 15th November, 2007… Read More

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Climatic change loss of livelihoods and forced displacements in Bangladesh

Bangladeshis a populous South Asian country, having been known for its high vulnerability to climate variability and change. Livelihoods of majority of its people,depend directly on prevailing precarious state of environmental conditions, which is likely to be perturbed significantly due to anticipated impacts of climate change. Hazards such as flood and erosion, cyclonic surge, salinity.. Read More

Characterizing country settings: development of a base document in the backdrop of climate change impacts

This report is an attempt to develop a base document characterising the country settings, including natural setting, physical infrastructure there-in, socio-economic conditions and prevailing environment, and hence is expected to serve as a base document to locate, identify and characterise climate risk environment in the backdrop of climate change and variability. In essence, this report.. Read More

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Satellite estimation of forest carbon using regression models

Periodic monitoring of forest carbon is important, since forest cover is changing rapidly in many parts of the world, and becomes a major source of terrestrial carbon emission that may be one of the main drivers of global climate change. Regression is often used to estimate forest variables (including carbon) using satellite sensor data though.. Read More

Floods in Dhaka

Dhaka has over ten million inhabitants and has been central to Bangladesh’s economic success in recent years. The city is already very vulnerable to flooding, especially during the monsoon season, as shown by five major floods since 1980. The 1988, 1998 and 2004 floods were particularly severe and brought large economic losses. When major floods.. Read More

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Links between Tropical Pacific SST and Cholera Incidence in Bangladesh: Role of the Western Tropical and Central Extratropical Pacific

Recent studies arising from both statistical analysis and dynamical disease models demonstrate a link between the incidence of cholera, a paradigmatic waterborne bacterial illness endemic to Bangladesh, and the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The physical significance of this relationship was investigated by examining links between the regional climate of Bangladesh and western Pacific sea surface.. Read More

A tale of two wards: political participation and the urban poor in Dhaka city

This paper investigates the extent of political participation of the urban poor in Dhaka, identifying the actors with whom the urban poor interact for problem solving and gaining access to services. Through a comparison of the different experiences of “active” and “non-active” poor residents across two wards, the research identifies barriers to effective political participation;.. Read More

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