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Food security in the face of climate change, population growth, and resource constraints: implications for Bangladesh.

Ensuring food security has been one of the major national priorities of Bangladesh since its independence in 1971. Now, this national priority is facing new challenges from the possible impacts of climate change in addition to the already existing threats from rapid population growth, declining availability of cultivable land, and inadequate access to water in.. Read More

Climate Change and The Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism Stories From The Developing World

This book depicts the untapped potential of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Projects in developing countries, and impacts of a small group SouthSouthNorth in the effort of building capacity to address global warming. It describes how SouthSouthNorth team is contributing to sustainable development discourse at local, regional and global levels. This book also highlights the problems.. Read More

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Patterns and determinants of agricultural systems in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh

Against the backdrop of environmental degradation and poverty caused by traditional agricultural systems in the mountain regions, this study classified agricultural systems in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh and analyzed their determinants, with the objective of seeking policies for environmentally compatible and economically viable agricultural systems. Information was collected from 36 tribal villages of.. Read More

Adaptation, development assistance and planning: Challenges and opportunities

This article highlights emerging insights from recent Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) work in six developing countries: Bangladesh, Egypt, Fiji, Nepal, Tanzania and Uruguay, on the synergies and trade-offs involved in mainstreaming adaptation to climate change in development assistance, projects, and plans. Over the medium to long term, there is greater potential to.. Read More

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Synergies and trade-offs in climate change responses

Beyond the climate change community and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), how much awareness of climate change is there amongst development organisations? Also, what steps have they taken regarding the need to respond to climate change? The development community, donor agencies and sectoral planners in several governments are increasingly asking how.. Read More

Disentangling extrinsic from intrinsic factors in disease dynamics: A nonlinear time series approach with an application to cholera

Alternative explanations for disease and other population cycles typically include extrinsic environmental drivers, such as climate variability, and intrinsic nonlinear dynamics resulting from feedbacks within the system, such as species interactions and density dependence. Because these different factors can interact in nonlinear systems and can give rise to oscillations whose frequencies differ from those of.. Read More

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Determinants of land-use changes in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh

Shifting cultivation is a traditional agricultural land use in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) of Bangladesh. It is, however, changing over the time under the influence of several internal and external pressures. In some areas, it is partly or completely replaced by more intensive land-use systems, but in other areas it is still dominant. Due.. Read More

The role of soil water availability in potential rainfed rice productivity in Bangladesh: applications of the CERES-Rice model

Soil water stress and its impact on the monsoon season potential rain-fed rice productivity in Bangladesh is investigated. A crop growth simulation model, CERES-Rice, is applied to 16 locations representative of the major rice growing regions of Bangladesh to determine the impact of soil water stress on the regional scale potential yield for four transplanting.. Read More

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Workshop 4 (synthesis): securing food production under climate variability — exploring the options

Climate variabilities may result in different types of dry spells, droughts or flood situations, having harmful effects on agricultural productivity and food security. Long-term trends in climate variabilities and climate extremes may be a consequence of an on-going climate change and would thus result in a more permanent change in the pre-conditions for food production… Read More

Sand petrology and focused erosion in collision orogens: the Brahmaputra case

The high-relief and tectonically active Himalayan range, characterized by markedly varying climate but relatively homogeneous geology along strike, is a unique natural laboratory in which to investigate several of the factors controlling the composition of orogenic sediments. Coupling of surface and tectonic processes is most evident in the eastern Namche Barwa syntaxis, where the Tsangpo–Siang–Brahmaputra.. Read More

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