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Influence of Catastrophic Climatic Events and Human Waste on Vibrio Distribution in the Karnaphuli Estuary, Bangladesh

Vibrios are bacteria of marine and estuarine origin that can cause human diseases, such as cholera, and also affect aquatic organisms. The impact of storm-driven changes in salinity and suspended particulate matter (SPM) on cultivable Vibrio counts (CVC) and distribution in Karnaphuli estuary, Bangladesh, was compared before and after a strong cyclone in mid May.. Read More

Natural Disasters, Self-Insurance And Human Capital Investment: Evidence From Bangladesh, Ethiopia And Malawi

This paper examines the impacts of disasters on dynamic human capital production using panel data from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and Malawi. The empirical results show that the accumulation of biological human capital prior to disasters helps children maintain investments in the post-disaster period. Biological human capital formed in early childhood (long-term nutritional status) plays a role.. Read More

world bank policy research

Climate Change Vulnerability in Bangladesh

Climate change is a major threat to sustainable growth and development in Bangladesh, and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals: urgent action is needed. Although Bangladesh is the country least responsible for climate change, it is particularly vulnerable to the effects, including reduced agricultural production, worsening food security, the increased incidence of both flooding.. Read More

Assessing vulnerability and adaptive capacity to climate risks: methods for investigation at local and national levels

This paper presents the research and learning approach of a World Bank study, and offers emerging findings on policy, as well as institutional questions surrounding adaptation arenas in Bangladesh, Bolivia, Ethiopia, Ghana and Mozambique. It outlines the methodological approach of the social component of the World Bank’s Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change study, which.. Read More


Conserving the zoological resources of Bangladesh under a changing climate

It is now well recognized that Bangladesh is one of the world’s most vulnerable countries to climate change and sea level rise. Low levels of natural resources and a high occurrence of natural disasters further add to the challenges faced by the country. The impacts of climate change are anticipated to exacerbate these existing stresses.. Read More

The Value of Linking Mitigation and Adaptation: A Case Study of Bangladesh

There are two principal strategies for managing climate change risks: mitigation and adaptation. Until recently, mitigation and adaptation have been considered separately in both climate change science and policy. Mitigation has been treated as an issue for developed countries, which hold the greatest responsibility for climate change, while adaptation is seen as a priority for.. Read More

Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change

Is there a commercially viable market for crop insurance in rural Bangladesh?

The study aims to assess the commercial viability of a potential crop insurance market in Bangladesh. In a large scale household survey, agricultural farm households were asked for their preferences for a hypothetical crop insurance scheme using double bounded (DB) contingent valuation (CV) method. Both revenue and production cost based indemnity payment approaches were applied to assess the commercial.. Read More

Effects of rainfall variation on rice production in the Ganges-Brahmaputra Basin

Rice production in India is highly correlated with monsoon rainfall. The relationships between rainfall variation and rice production have attracted significant interest at a country scale in Asia, but regional differences within a country remain unclear. In this study, we examined the effects of rainfall variation on ‘kharif’ rice (rainy season rice)—including temporal changes in.. Read More


Recommendations of the CPD conference on Development with Equity and Justice: immediate asks for the newly elected government

Bangladesh recently held general elections and a new government is now in place. Amidst the country’s many priorities, though, which issues are most important for poverty reduction? From 28-29 March 2009, the Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) consulted with members of parliament, policy-makers, academics, activists, development practitioners and civil society to identify key action points.. Read More

Spatio-Temporal Variability of Rainfall Over Bangladesh During the Time Period 1969-2003

Spatial and temporal variability of rainfall in Bangladesh has been studied in this paper from thirty-five years (1969-2003) of rainfall data recorded at 24 rain gauges distributed over the country. Long-term annual average rainfall, coefficient of variation of annual rainfall, precipitation concentration and aridity indices at each station have been computed and then interpolated using.. Read More