Adaptation and development: Livelihoods and climate change in Subarnabad, Bangladesh

This paper explores the relationship between environmental change and development through a vulnerability study of a rural village in southwest Bangladesh. Villagers deal with a variety of pressing stresses, and climate change is not considered separately, if at all. Environmental, political and economic conditions and adjustments in resource use systems, particularly shrimp farming, have changed.. Read More

Linking Climate Adaptation and Development: A Synthesis of Six Case Studies from Asia and Africa

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  • Huq, et al.
  • 2009

Increased temperature, floods, droughts, extreme events and changes in precipitation pose additional risks for developing countries and vulnerable communities striving to alleviate poverty and to achieve sustainable development. Knowledge and experience of adapting to climatic conditions has been built up over a millennia by communities in many parts of the world, including developing countries, often.. Read More

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Agroforestry as a sustainable landuse option in degraded tropical forests: a study from Bangladesh

The tropical deciduous forest in Bangladesh provides a substantial part of country’s forest and where the government has introduced participatory agroforestry landuse. This study examined management issues, financial viability, and environmental as well as social sustainability of this landuse system. The forest department allocated a plot of size 1.0 ha among the selected participants where.. Read More

Wetlands and global climate change: the role of wetland restoration in a changing world

Global climate change is recognized as a threat to species survival and the health of natural systems. Scientists worldwide are looking at the ecological and hydrological impacts resulting from climate change. Climate change will make future efforts to restore and manage wetlands more complex. Wetland systems are vulnerable to changes in quantity and quality of.. Read More

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Community-based adaptation to climate change bulletin. A summary of the third international workshop on community-based adaptation to climate change

  • 2009

The Third International Workshop on Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change was held in Dhaka, Bangladesh, from 18-24 February 2009. The event was organised jointly by the Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS), the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and the RING Alliance of Policy Research Organisations. The event consisted of three days of.. Read More

Land use and land cover change in Greater Dhaka, Bangladesh: Using remote sensing to promote sustainable urbanization

This study evaluates land use/cover changes and urban expansion in Greater Dhaka, Bangladesh, between 1975 and 2003 using satellite images and socio-economic data. Spatial and temporal dynamics of land use/cover changes were quantified using three Landsat images, a supervised classification algorithm and the post-classification change detection technique in GIS. Accuracy of the Landsat-derived land use/cover.. Read More

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Evaluation of the Short-Term Processes Forcing the Monsoon River Floods in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a low-lying country in the Meghna delta located at the confluence of three major rivers: the Ganges, the Brahmaputra, and the Meghna. Monsoon river flooding is an annual event with river water levels rising and falling slowly during the monsoon season, though with some pulsation. Forcing of the monsoon river floods is complicated.. Read More

Biodiversity Conservation and Response to Climate Variability at Community Level

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  • 2009

The five case studies compiled in this publication highlight five different aspects of biodiversity conservation and climate variability adaptation mainly focusing on agricultural practices and forest resource management. The topics were selectedd on the basis of information gathered through consultations across the country field surveys and expert consultation on different occassions. These five case studies.. Read More

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Spatio-temporal clustering of cholera: The impact of flood control in Matlab, Bangladesh, 1983–2003

Introducing flood control to an area of endemic waterborne diseases could have significant impacts on spatio-temporal occurrence of cholera. Using 21-year data from Bangladesh, we conducted cluster analysis to explore changes in spatial and temporal distribution of cholera incidence since the construction of flood control structures. Striking changes in temporal cluster patterns emerged, including a.. Read More

Predicting endemic cholera: the role of climate variability and disease dynamics

Retrospective studies of cholera time series in Bangladesh have established a role of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), but also of the non-linear dynamics of the disease itself, through changes in the population levels of immunity in this endemic region. The prediction ability of a semi-mechanistic time series model that incorporates both these elements.. Read More