Habitat International

Female migrants in an urban setting — the dimensions of spatial/physical adaptation: The case of Dhaka

This paper outlines poor female migrants’ adaptation process with respect to the spatial/physical dimension in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The striking growth of Dhaka during the period 1961–1981 has been attributed to rural-urban migration and the absolute number of poor has risen. In 1991 Dhaka SMA received more than 40% of the total rural in-migrants. This paper.. Read More

Assessing impacts of climatic variations on foodgrain production in Bangladesh

A simulation study was conducted to assess the vulnerability of foodgrain production in Bangladesh to potential climate change. Simulation runs were made for high yield varieties office for Aus (March-August), Aman (July-November), and Boro (February-July), the traditional growing seasons, using the CERES-Rice model. Simulation runs were made for wheat, which is grown from November through.. Read More

Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

Integrated model systems for national assessments of the effects of climate change: Applications in New Zealand and Bangladesh

To examine the sensitivity of environmental systems to climatic variability and change, integrated model systems for climate impact assessment are being developed for New Zealand (CLIMPACTS) and Bangladesh (BDCLIM). Features common to both model systems include a global climate model, regional modules for generating climate scenarios, and models for biophysical impact analyses. For CLIMPACTS, modified.. Read More

Vulnerability of Bangladesh to climate change and sea level rise through tropical cyclones and storm surges

Bangladesh is frequently visited by natural disasters such as tropical cyclones, storm surges, floods, droughts, tornadoes, and “norwesters.” Of these, tropical cyclones originating in the Bay of Bengal and associated storm surges are the most disastrous. There are various reasons for the disastrous effects of cyclones and storm surges in Bangladesh. Superimposed on these disastrous.. Read More

Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
implications_of_cc_bd

The Implications of Climate and Sea-Level Change for Bangladesh

Although the “greenhouse effect” and “global climate change” have been the subjects of scientific scrutiny for many decades, only recently have they received widespread public attention. Two major events helped generate this attention. First, in 1990 the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published its findings on the science, impacts and policy implications of climate.. Read More

An inventory of greenhouse gas emissions in Bangladesh: Initial results

In this paper, we present an inventory of greenhouse gas sources and sinks in Bangladesh for the year 1990. Because CO2 is believed to be the principal contributor to global climate change worldwide, and energy use is the largest source of CO2 emissions, much effort was made to analyze the Bangladesh energy system. Carbon emissions.. Read More

ambio
index

A national assessment of the implications of climate change for Bangladesh: a synthesis

This paper is a synthesis of the findings of an interdisciplinary, collaborative assessment of what is known, and needs to be known, about the possible effects of climate and sea-level change on Bangladesh. The assessment focused on six major questions: How might climate change? How might sea level change in the Bay of Bengal? What.. Read More

Risk factors for mortality in the Bangladesh cyclone of 1991

Cyclones continue to pose a dangerous threat to the coastal populations of Bangladesh, despite improvements in disaster control procedures. After 138,000 persons died in the April 1991 cyclone, we carried out a rapid epidemiological assessment to determine factors associated with cyclone-related mortality and to identify prevention strategies. A nonrandom survey of 45 housing clusters comprising.. Read More

World Health Organization
monitor

Visual interpretation of satellite imagery for monitoring floods in Bangladesh

This article presents the methods and results of visual interpretation of NOAA AVHRR imagery for mapping flood areas in Bangladesh. Color composites of channels 1 and 2 for 18 August 1987 and 10, 15, and 24 September 1988 were interpreted visually for delineating flood boundaries. On such imagery flood areas appear in dark tones and.. Read More

Social Capital as a Source of Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change in Developing Countries

The purpose of this paper is to explore adaptation to the impacts of global climate change, specifically focusing on adaptation in the agricultural sectors of developing countries. Case studies were conducted using two countries, India and Bangladesh that were considered representative of these developing countries. In our case study analysis, we placed special emphasis on.. Read More

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