Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) is the use of biodiversity and ecosystem services as part of a climate change adaptation strategy. In coastal Bangladesh, EbA is implemented to enhance the resilience of coastal agriculture, fisheries, forestry, and settlements against the impacts of both climatic and non-climatic stressors. This chapter discusses the current status and challenges of EbA.. Read More
Combined effects of climate change and sea-level rise project dramatic habitat loss of the globally endangered Bengal tiger in the Bangladesh Sundarbans
Abstract The Sundarbans, in southern coastal Bangladesh, is the world’s largest surviving mangrovehabitat and the last stronghold of tiger adapted to living in a mangrove ecosystem. Using MaxEnt (maximum entropy modeling), current distribution data, land-use/land cover and bioclimatic variables, we modeled the likely future distribution of the globally endangered Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) in the Bangladesh Sundarbans. We used.. Read More
Abstract Climate change and its impact on human-environment are immeasurable because of its multidimensional effects. But the effect is not same for all countries, it depends on the countries geographical settings. Alongside location, education of the people, environmental awareness, somewhat might minimize the probability of loss in response to any kinds of disasters. Undertaken study.. Read More
Unsustainable groundwater depletion of Madhupur tract aquifer underneath Dhaka city and its relation to climate change.
Abstract Unsustainable depletion of groundwater from Madhupur tract aquifer (underneath Dhaka and Gazipur city) is an extensive social problem in the North central (N-C) part of Bangladesh. Specifically, Dhaka city, the capital of Bangladesh, suffers from over-extraction in an unsustainable manner. In addition to this phenomenon, natural disasters such as drought are amplified by climate.. Read More
Examination of coastal vulnerability framings at multiple levels of governance using spatial MCDA approach
Abstract The multidimensional impacts of climate change necessitate participation of large scale organizations in the management of vulnerability to climate change. Operating at multiple levels of governance, these organizations help manage the deleterious effects of changing climate for different sectors of human-environment systems. How they frame vulnerability, what influences their framings, why are their framings aligned or misaligned: while.. Read More
ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE THROUGH DISASTER-RESILIENT HOUSING PRACTICE IN THE COASTAL ZONE OF BANGLADESH.
ABSTRACT The coastal area of Bangladesh has experienced frequent cyclones associated with storm surges in the last few decades. After the 1990s, activities like construction of cyclone shelter, early warning system, and awareness building program plays a very effective role to reduce the fatalities and damages due to disaster in the coastal area. Though the.. Read More
ABSTRACT The coastal zone of Bangladesh covers about 20% of total land of the country and over 30% of the cultivable lands. According to the National Adaptation Program of Action (NAPA), water related hazards due to climate change are likely to become a critical issue for Bangladesh. Salinity in surface water, ground water and soil.. Read More
ABSTRACT Wetlands form a unique mosaic of habitats with an extremely rich diversity of flora and fauna, which are invaluable components of the environment, ecology, resource potential and biodiversity in Bangladesh. Wetland systems are vulnerable to changes in quantity and quality of their water supply, and it is expected that climate change will have a.. Read More
Geospatial multi-criteria analysis for identifying high priority clean energy investment opportunities: A case study on land-use conflict in Bangladesh
Bangladesh is a globally important emerging economy with rapidly increasing energy demand. The Bangladeshi government’s primary capacity expansion plan is to install 13.3 GW of new coal by 2021, including the 1.3 GW Rampal coal power plant to be developed in the Sundarbans. Inadequate geospatial and economic information on clean energy investment opportunities are often.. Read More
THE RISE OF A NEW DISASTER IN BANGLADESH: ANALYSIS OF CHARACTERISTICS AND VULNERABILITIES OF LIGHTNING DURING MARCH TO SEPTEMBER 2018
ABSTRACT Bangladesh is a country of disasters, mostly triggered by the hydro-meteorological hazards, with climate change directly influencing their intensity and frequency. In the recent years lightning incidents are becoming more frequent and claiming more lives than the past. This research is a systematic effort to understand the characteristics and vulnerabilities of lightning hazards based.. Read More