Impacts of Human Development and Climate Change on Groundwater Resources in Bangladesh

Groundwater has been playing a central role in drinking and irrigation water supplies in Bangladesh for more than four decades. Today, nearly 97% of all drinking water supplies in Bangladesh come from groundwater via hand-operated tubewells that tap the shallow part (<150 m bgl) of the Bengal Aquifer System (BAS). Groundwater-fed irrigation, that currently meets 80% of.. Read More

Development of Monsoonal Asia Climate Risk Analysis Maprooms

The Asian monsoon plays a major role in the variability of seasonal temperature and precipitation and the sub-seasonal statistics of these and other climate variables.  Due to its considerable impact on the quality and quantity of agricultural output, there is an essential need for greater understanding of the historical risk associated with the Asian monsoon,.. Read More

State of research on carbon sequestration in Bangladesh: a comprehensive review

A deep interest is evident in carbon sequestration modeling in Bangladesh from the development of several allometric equations to estimate carbon sequestration by plants. It is linked to the evolving carbon offsetting approaches, for example, Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and the REDD+, which require certifiable estimate of carbon captured by trees and forests. This review.. Read More

Sustainable Intensification of Agriculture: Opportunities and Challenges for Food Security and Agrarian Adaptation to Environmental Change in Bangladesh

This dissertation investigates three unique aspects of sustainable agricultural intensification (SAI) in the context of Bangladeshi rice production. The first article presents a qualitative analysis of SAI and farmer surveys in the embanked polder region of coastal Bangladesh. The second article investigates the global food security and environmental impacts of already adopted High Yielding Variety.. Read More

International Journal of Social Science and Economic Research


The Asian continent emits most CO2s in the world, reflecting its enormous economic advances in several countries. It is all based upon an enormous consumption of energy, especially fossil fuels, regarded as the only essential means to take Asia out of its historical poverty. Thus, poor nations in Asia imitated the miracle economies. With abrupt.. Read More

Ecosystem services management: An evaluation of green adaptations for urban development in Dhaka, Bangladesh

We evaluated green adaptation strategies (parks, gardens, green roof, rainwater harvest, green façades/wall, porous pavement, and green and blue belts) in the context of urban development and potential climate change impacts for the city of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Our review of relevant literature revealed substantial environmental (cooler and cleaner environment), economic (reduced energy demand, avoided cost.. Read More


Conjunctive use of saline and fresh water increases the productivity of maize in saline coastal region of Bangladesh

Increasing cropping intensification in the southern saline region of Bangladesh is a national priority; however, increased intensification should not be at the cost of exploiting the precious groundwater resources. The best strategy for increasing intensification is through using saline water for irrigation wherever and/or whenever it is possible. In this context, a two years field.. Read More

Rapid urbanization and changing land values in mega cities: implications for housing development projects in Dhaka, Bangladesh

This paper explores changing land values in the process of rapid urbanization in Dhaka, Bangladesh and its implications for urban land management and administration in the megacity. The study reveals that substantial increase in land values have resulted in land speculation among real estate and individual developers. Land values have increased by an average of.. Read More

Cooperative rice farming within rural Bangladesh

It is often questioned whether cooperative agriculture by smallholder farmers can replace individual agriculture. This paper draws on a case study of rice farming in Kurigram district, Bangladesh, and provides insight into cooperative rice farming and potential of mechanization. Various cooperative practices (e.g. group rice harvesting and threshing) have been collectively adopted and used by.. Read More

Psychological health challenges of the hill-tracts region for climate change in Bangladesh

The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the deleterious effects of climate change on psychological health of the Hill-Tracts and government to deal with these adverse psychological health impacts. Although knowledge is still limited about the connections between climate change and psychological health, the evidence is indicating that impacts can be.. Read More