Is safe water and sanitation access really impacted due to climate change? – A cross-sectional study in the southwest coastal region of Bangladesh

The intention of this paper is to explore the relation between lack of potable water and improved sanitation with the effects of climate change. In September 2014 a, cross sectional study covering 600 households with structured questionnaires that was carried out by Water-Aid Bangladesh in two Upazillas of Satkhira district. The study revealed that there.. Read More

Fish Resources Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change in Bangladesh

Fish and Fisheries have been playing a very significant role in nutrition, culture and economy of Bangladesh from time immemorial. Currently, about 80 per cent of the animal protein intake in the daily diet of the people comes from fish. The fisheries sector, it is estimated, contributes 3.5 per cent of the GDP of Bangladesh… Read More

Socio-economic Implications of Climate Change for Bangladesh

Land and life are closely entwined in Bangladesh. Over 80 per cent of the country’s 115 million people live in the rural sector. The land area of 148,393km2 is mainly the deltaic plains of the Ganges and Brahmaputra River systems. The prevailing climate is monsoonal, and the dominantly agricultural economy is attuned to its wet.. Read More

Enhancing coordination in water management through communication tools: Results from experimental games in Coastal Bangladesh‏

Canal siltation is a pervasive problem in coastal Bangladesh causing water-logging and losses in crop yield. Although timely maintenance of canals through regular contributions from the community can solve this problem; it often breaks down because of the free riding issue, a common feature in the provision of public goods. Previous literature on experimental games.. Read More

Managing the Sundarbans region: opportunities for mutual gain by India and Bangladesh

The Sundarbans is managed separately by India and Bangladesh, but from ecological and socioeconomic perspectives the region is a single unit. Results from household surveys in each of the countries as well as the literature demonstrate the region’s unity. Mutual advantages could flow from closer binational cooperation in managing the Sundarbans in several areas, such.. Read More

Grassroots Innovation for Greening Bangladesh’s Urban Slums: The Role of Local Agencies

The chapter investigates the roles of local Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and Community Based Organisations (CBOs) in climate change adaptation through grassroots innovation in urban slums in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The section highlights green infrastructure as an innovative process to mitigate the challenges emanating from climate change at the bottom of the pyramid. The research draws on.. Read More

World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology

Event-Consequence Chain of climate change-induced salinity intrusion in Sundarbans mangrove socioecological system, Bangladesh

The Sundarbans is an active biogenic coast entitled to world heritage site. The most notable feature of this Sundarbans is that it is located in a sea-influenced region but depends on nutrient-enriched freshwater flow from the upstream rivers. With its intrinsic transboundary ecological functions, the Sundarbans also provides buffer for lives and livelihood opportunity for.. Read More

Community-based responses to flood and river erosion hazards in the active Ganges floodplain of Bangladesh

Due to population pressure and scarcity of land, many of the poorest communities in Bangladesh are obliged to live in the active floodplain areas known as char-lands. The severity of damage, risk, and vulnerability from flood and river erosion hazards are much higher in riverine char-land residents compared to other parts of Bangladesh. The purpose.. Read More

Improvement of responses and recovery approaches for cyclone hazards in coastal Bangladesh

After the devastating cyclone of 1991, the concept of acting only after the occurrence of disaster has been replaced by the concept of total disaster management involving prevention/mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery, and development. Regarding cyclone, Bangladesh has made successful progress because of modernizing early warning systems, developing cyclone shelters and evacuation plans, constructing coastal embankments,.. Read More

Constraints and coping measures of coastal community toward safe drinking water scarcity in Southwestern Bangladesh

In recent years, access to safe drinking water has been a major problem in many countries across the world. Bangladesh, known as the “land of water,” also faces a safe drinking water crisis. Bangladesh, particularly the southwestern region, being located downstream greatly faces safe drinking water supply problems due to salinity in surface water and.. Read More