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Designing adaptation projects

Sustainable community-based strategies can play an essential role in helping poor and vulnerable communities adapt to the risks posed by climate change. The Adaptation Programme of the SouthSouthNorth (SSN) Project has developed a learning by doing approach for identifying, designing, implementing and monitoring community-based adaptation activities. This approach is known as the SouthSouthNorth Adaptation Project.. Read More

Urban and Megacities disaster risk reduction: manual of sound practices

Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is an important component for achieving sustainable development of cities and progress towards the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals. This manual is a disaster risk communication tool aimed at facilitating the understanding of disaster vulnerabilities and risk to megacities and large complex urban areas. It identifies, compiles and illustrates sound.. Read More

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Degradation rates of CFC-11, CFC-12 and CFC-113 in anoxic shallow aquifers of Araihazar, Bangladesh

Chlorofluorocarbons CFC-11 (CCl3F), CFC-12 (CCl2F2), and CFC-113 (CCl2F–CClF2) are used in hydrology as transient tracers under the assumption of conservative behavior in the unsaturated and saturated soil zones. However, laboratory and field studies have shown that these compounds are not stable under anaerobic conditions. To determine the degradation rates of CFCs in a tropical environment,.. Read More

Vegetation dynamics in the Bangladesh Sundarbans mangroves: a review of forest inventories

The Sundarbans, the largest contiguous mangrove forest in the world, covers 6,017 km2 of the coastal zone of Bangladesh. Heritiera fomes Buch.-Ham., Excoecaria agallocha L. and Ceriops decandra (Griff.) Ding Hou jointly cover 95% of the forest area. In this study, the results of four forest inventories have been analyzed to understand observed vegetation dynamics.. Read More

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Geochemical study of arsenic concentrations in groundwater of the Meghna River Delta, Bangladesh

The geochemistry of groundwaters from the Meghna River Delta of Bangladesh was studied to determine the distribution of arsenic, and to evaluate the potential mobility of As from the host sediments to the groundwater. Groundwaters from tube wells are characterized by pH of 6.5 to 7.5, oxidation reduction potential (ORP) of + 52 to −.. Read More

How can development agencies help with adaptation to climate change?

Climate change threatens to undo any progress towards the Millennium Development Goals, with the world’s poorest people suffering the most from its impacts. Development agencies already advocate for cuts in greenhouse gas emissions, but they must also adopt a new role, focusing on helping people to adapt to climate change. Adaptation is the ability to.. Read More

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Rotavirus infections and climate variability in Dhaka, Bangladesh: a time-series analysis

Attempts to explain the clear seasonality of rotavirus infections have been made by relating disease incidence to climate factors; however, few studies have disentangled the effects of weather from other factors that might cause seasonality. We investigated the relationships between hospital visits for rotavirus diarrhoea and temperature, humidity and river level, in Dhaka, Bangladesh, using.. Read More

Climate change impact and disaster vulnerabilities in the coastal areas of Bangladesh

Focusing on the coastal areas of Bangladesh, this report analyses the impact of disasters with specific reference to the effects of climate change. It also looks at the nature of the disasters that frequently occur and discusses efforts to mitigate their impact. The coastal areas of Bangladesh are different from rest of the country because.. Read More

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Int J Epidemiol

Association between climate variability and hospital visits for non-cholera diarrhoea in Bangladesh: effects and vulnerable groups

BACKGROUND: We estimated the effects of rainfall and temperature on the number of non-cholera diarrhoea cases and identified population factors potentially affecting vulnerability to the effect of the climate factors in Dhaka, Bangladesh. METHODS: Weekly rainfall, temperature and number of hospital visits for non-cholera diarrhoea were analysed by time-series regression. A Poisson regression model was.. Read More

Building people’s agenda on ODA accountability: Bangladesh perspective – drowning with debt or development

Considering various economic criteria, Official Development Assistance (ODA) trend, Millenium Development Goals (MDG) progress and country’s socio-political scenario, this paper argues that Bangladesh has the right to more ODA. The authors argue for debt cancellation and more ODA for Bangladesh, based on the rationale of the country’s huge economic loss due to climate change. Bangladesh’s.. Read More

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