Implications of climate change for fresh groundwater resources in coastal aquifers in Bangladesh

The objective of this study is to improve understanding of the implications of climate change for the groundwater systems in coastal Bangladesh. This is achieved by: (a) obtaining available geologic, hydrologic, and geochemical information on coastal aquifers of Bangladesh; (b) developing groundwater flow and salt transport models representing general features and conditions along the coast.. Read More

Gender issue in climate change discourse: theory versus reality

By reviewing literature related to climate change and gender issue this paper finds that women are more vulnerable to climate disasters than men through their socially constructed roles and responsibilities, and their relatively poorer and more economically vulnerable position, especially in the developing world. In Bangladesh, gender inequalities with respect to enjoyment of human rights,.. Read More


Climate proofing infrastructure in Bangladesh : the incremental cost of limiting future inland monsoon flood damage

Two-thirds of Bangladesh is less than 5 meters above sea level, making it one of the most flood prone countries in the world. Severe flooding during a monsoon causes significant damage to crops and property, with severe adverse impacts on rural livelihoods. Future climate change seems likely to increase the destructive power of monsoon floods… Read More

Agriculture and food security in South Asia: a historical analysis and long run perspective

This study has focused on the regional and national assessments of the potential effects of increasing population and changing climatic condition on food security in South Asian countries. The efforts have been put forth e eight countries of South Asia. Probable population, food demand and production in future have been predicted with considering population growth.. Read More


Energy cooperation in South Asia: prospects and challenges

Reliable energy supply is needed to alleviate poverty and achieve sustainable economic growth. This paper assesses the barriers to regional energy cooperation in South Asia Growth focusing particularly on Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal. The paper finds that the barriers to stronger regional energy cooperation and trade are economic, political and social in nature. In.. Read More

Dynamics of land use/cover changes and the analysis of landscape fragmentation in Dhaka Metropolitan, Bangladesh

Rapid urban expansion due to large scale land use/cover change, particularly in developing countries becomes a matter of concern since urbanization drives environmental change at multiple scales. Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, has been experienced break-neck urban growth in the last few decades that resulted many adverse impacts on the environment. This paper was an.. Read More


Energy poverty in rural Bangladesh

Energy poverty is a well-established concept among energy and development specialists. International development organizations frequently cite energy-poverty alleviation as a necessary condition to reduce income poverty. Several approaches used to measure energy poverty over the past 20 years have defined the energy poverty line as the minimum quantity of physical energy needed to perform such.. Read More

Global Climate Risk Index 2011:

Less developed countries are generally more affected by the impacts of weather-related events than industrialised countries, according to the 2011 Climate Risk Index (CRI). The Global Climate Risk Index 2011 analyses the extent to which countries have been affected by storms, floods, heat waves and other weather induced occurrences using data collected during the 1990-2009.. Read More


Participatory scenario development approaches for identifying pro-poor adaptation options

Participatory scenario development (PSD) is a process that involves the participation of stakeholders to explore the future in a creative and policy-relevant way. The International Institute for Sustainable Development designed and implemented two sets of PSD workshops in Mozambique, Ghana, and Bangladesh and remote assisted workshops in Ethiopia. As a result, this report presents the.. Read More

Assessing Long-term Impacts of Vulnerabilities on Crop Production Due to Climate Change in the Coastal Areas of Bangladesh

People living in different coastal areas of Bangladesh have been suffering from lack of food security. There are many reasons behind that such as lower crop productivity and less cropping intensity due to increased salinity, increased incidences of pests & diseases, erratic rainfall, higher temperature, drought, tidal surges, cyclone, submergence,large fallow lands/water bodies, land degradation,.. Read More