Role of Land–Water Classification and Manning’s Roughness Parameter in Space-Borne Estimation of Discharge for Braided Rivers: A Case Study of the Brahmaputra River in Bangladesh

The proposed Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission will provide global, space-based estimates of water elevation, its temporal change, and its spatial slope for terrestrial water bodies. Using derivations of water slope from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) elevation data, river bathymetry and Manning’s equation, the potential of SWOT for discharge estimation of.. Read More

Climatic variations: Farming systems and livelihoods in the high Barind tract and coastal areas of Bangladesh

Geographically, Bangladesh is highly vulnerable to climate change. In particular, impacts of climate variability on agriculture and consequences on other sectors are already evident in the drought prone High Barind Tract and coastal regions. The agriculture and fisheries sectors in the High Barind Tract (HBT) and southern coastal region are very likely to face significant.. Read More


Agricultural and Environmental Changes in Bangladesh in Response to Global Warming

Global climate change is a growing concern for Bangladesh. To evaluate the global climate change effects on environmental changes and agricultural production in Bangladesh, long-term data on selected climatic variables (1948–2006), agricultural production (1960–2006), and population growth (1940–2008) were collected, organized and analyzed. Results suggested that although Bangladesh emits less than 0.2% of the global.. Read More

Global observation of EKC hypothesis for CO2, SOx and NOx emission: A policy understanding for climate change mitigation in Bangladesh

Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis is critical to understanding the developmental path of a nation in relation to its environment. How the effects of economic development processes dictate environmental changes can be found through the study of EKC. To understand the EKC phenomena for climate change, this study was undertaken by reviewing the available literature… Read More

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Adaptation in situ or retreat? A multivariate approach to explore the factors that guide the peoples’ preference against the impacts of sea level rise in coastal Bangladesh

This paper is aimed to identify the factors that influence peoples’ preference for adaptation against the impacts of sea level rise (SLR). A total of 285 respondents from three coastal villages in Bangladesh are randomly interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. First, employing the principal component analysis various factors that influence adaptation preferences of people are.. Read More

Inland capture fisheries

The reported annual yield from inland capture fisheries in 2008 was over 10 million tonnes, although real catches are probably considerably higher than this. Inland fisheries are extremely complex, and in many cases poorly understood. The numerous water bodies and small rivers are inhabited by a wide range of species and several types of fisher.. Read More


Measuring climate change risk on supply chain of rice in Bangladesh

Climate change may cause abrupt fluctuations in weather and it is a potential threat to rice production of Bangladesh. Existence of the causal relation between the state of weather and rice production sets the objective of this paper to measure the probable risk on supply chain of rice due to climate change. Applying the risk.. Read More

Climate change, its impacts and possible community based responses in Bangladesh

This paper aims to summarise current international and national literature on climate change and put it into language which will be more easily understood by development practitioners in Bangladesh and elsewhere. Specifically, the paper is divided into the following sections: what is climate change? future climate change predictions climate change mitigation climate change effects on.. Read More

Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, India

Special Report – Water Issues between Nepal, India & Bangladesh: a review of literature

After a thorough examination of the available literature on water issues between Bangladesh, India and Nepal, the author has observed that there is an acute lack of scholarly work on issues pertaining to water issues in South Asia. Most of the work available is in the form of newspaper articles. Additionally, the available reports do.. Read More

Impact of Climate Change: Migration as one of the adaptation strategies

Traditional climate change literature generally treats migration with fear. It is depicted as a manifestation of acute vulnerability of people experiencing climate change. Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change and climate change induced displacement. So far little research has been conducted to assess the nature and extent of population displacement.. Read More

Impact of Climate Change Migration as one of the Adaptation Strategies