Cyclone shelters and alternatives for sustained development in Bangladesh

Purpose – Bangladesh is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. Natural disasters adversely affect the country’s economy and deter its development. Thus preparedness for the disasters, along with effective prevention and mitigation measures, is imperative for sustainable development of the country. The purpose of this paper is to examine the present state.. Read More

Improved design and construction of rural housing in Noakhali

Our country, especially the coastal regions of Bangladesh has evolved in the face of repetitious calamities i.e. most regularly hit by cyclones. It is with this in mind that IUCN initiated a project, at Noakhali, on March 2008, that focuses on the current ‘CLIMATE CRISIS’ and building of stronger, safer local houses which will respect.. Read More


Climate change, vulnerability and livelihood: possibilities and prospect of the Charlands of Bangladesh

This paper examines the vulnerability situation of people in the Charlands of Bangladesh. These are sandbars that emerge as islands within the river channel or as attached land to the riverbanks as a result of the dynamics of erosion and accretion in the rivers. The Charlands, or Chars, are home to some of the poorest.. Read More

Opportunities to achieve poverty reduction and climate change benefits through low carbon energy access programmes

This report presents the preliminary results of a survey commissioned and funded by DFID, conducted on international low carbon energy access (LCEA) projects that won the Ashden Awards for Sustainable Energy. The following are the findings: there are substantial direct benefits to the poor from low carbon energy scale and impact are achievable by small.. Read More


Tropical Cyclones: Impact on Coastal Livelihoods

The coastal zone of Bangladesh is highly prone to disasters, particularly tropical cyclones and storm surges.The agriculture and fisheries sector suffer the most. This study points out a number of steps and policy options for coping with the change and sustaining livelihood activities using scientific, technological and institutional measures.

State and management of wetlands in Bangladesh

Wetlands are a vital link between land and water in Bangladesh. A majority of the people of Bangladesh are critically dependent on wetlands. In this paper, the values of wetlands, causes and effects of wetlands degradation, as well as the present wetlands management approach, are analyzed and recommendations for wetlands management are suggested based on.. Read More

understanding climate change

River erosion and flooding in northern Bangladesh

In “Understanding Climate Change Adaption: Lessons from Community-Based Approaches” Poor people bear the brunt of climate change since they live in those regions most affected by fluctuating temperatures, sea level rise, flooding and drought. Far from behaving as victims, however, they use the assets and resources at their disposal to adapt and survive. Nevertheless, to.. Read More

Mangrove community recovery potential after catastrophic disturbances in Bangladesh

The objective of this study was to compare the variation in the soil seed banks and the aboveground vegetation in relation to three habitats, i.e., swamp forests, grassland and sand dunes within the Sundarbans mangrove forests of Bangladesh. We collected vegetation data (species and their percentage cover) by using quadrat sampling: 10 m × 10.. Read More

coastal cons

Coastal hazards and community-coping methods in Bangladesh

Addressing one of the most vulnerable coastal communities in Bangladesh, this paper explores people’s perception and vulnerabilities to coastal hazards. At the same time, it investigates the methods that communities apply to cope with different coastal hazards. Findings revealed that people perceived an increase in both the intensity of hazards and their vulnerabilities. In spite.. Read More

Shifting prevalence of major diarrheal pathogens in patients seeking hospital care during floods in 1998, 2004, and 2007 in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Bangladesh experienced severe flooding and diarrheal epidemics in 2007. We compared flood data from 2007 with 2004 and 1998 for diarrheal patients attending the ICDDR,B hospital in Dhaka. In 2007, Vibrio cholerae O1 (33%), rotavirus (12%), and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) (12%) were most prevalent. More severe dehydration was seen in 2007 compared with 2004.. Read More

am jour trop med and hyg