World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology

Grassroots Innovation for Greening Bangladesh’s Urban Slums: The Role of Local Agencies

The chapter investigates the roles of local Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and Community Based Organisations (CBOs) in climate change adaptation through grassroots innovation in urban slums in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The section highlights green infrastructure as an innovative process to mitigate the challenges emanating from climate change at the bottom of the pyramid. The research draws on.. Read More

Event-Consequence Chain of climate change-induced salinity intrusion in Sundarbans mangrove socioecological system, Bangladesh

The Sundarbans is an active biogenic coast entitled to world heritage site. The most notable feature of this Sundarbans is that it is located in a sea-influenced region but depends on nutrient-enriched freshwater flow from the upstream rivers. With its intrinsic transboundary ecological functions, the Sundarbans also provides buffer for lives and livelihood opportunity for.. Read More

Community-based responses to flood and river erosion hazards in the active Ganges floodplain of Bangladesh

Due to population pressure and scarcity of land, many of the poorest communities in Bangladesh are obliged to live in the active floodplain areas known as char-lands. The severity of damage, risk, and vulnerability from flood and river erosion hazards are much higher in riverine char-land residents compared to other parts of Bangladesh. The purpose.. Read More

Improvement of responses and recovery approaches for cyclone hazards in coastal Bangladesh

After the devastating cyclone of 1991, the concept of acting only after the occurrence of disaster has been replaced by the concept of total disaster management involving prevention/mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery, and development. Regarding cyclone, Bangladesh has made successful progress because of modernizing early warning systems, developing cyclone shelters and evacuation plans, constructing coastal embankments,.. Read More

Constraints and coping measures of coastal community toward safe drinking water scarcity in Southwestern Bangladesh

In recent years, access to safe drinking water has been a major problem in many countries across the world. Bangladesh, known as the “land of water,” also faces a safe drinking water crisis. Bangladesh, particularly the southwestern region, being located downstream greatly faces safe drinking water supply problems due to salinity in surface water and.. Read More

Community Resilience to Cyclone Disasters in Coastal Bangladesh

Bangladesh is one of the poorest and most disaster-prone countries in the world. To address both problems simultaneously, sustainable livelihoods (SL) could be better connected with disaster risk reduction (DRR). For this purpose, one initiative implemented in Bangladesh is called the Vulnerability to Resilience (V2R) programme which ran from 2013 to 2016. This programme was primarily initiated and funded.. Read More


Participatory dynamic modelling approach for adaptation planning needs focusing on Small Islands Developing States

This paper presents an ongoing research towards a systems modelling framework to support ecosystem-based climate change adaptation (CCA) planning and decision making for small island developing states (SIDS), employing a structured process, coupling two approaches; Bayesian Networks (BNs) and System Dynamics (SD). The development of successful CCA adaptation plans requires a structured risk assessment process.. Read More

Tillage and residue management for sustaining rice-wheat cropping system in Indo-Gangetic Plains- A review

The rice-wheat cropping system occupying 13.5 million ha is important to meet the challenge of food security in the Indo-Gangetic Plains. The consequences of current production practices viz., degraded soil health, high cost of cultivation, inefficient use of resources and environment raises the danger to its sustainability. In the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) of South Asia,.. Read More