Adapting to Sea-Level Rise in the Indian Ocean: The Cases of India and Bangladesh

  • 2019

South Asia is considered to be particularly vulnerable to the impacts of anthropogenic climate change. The reasons for that fall into two broad categories. On one hand, the region is extremely diverse. Its hugely varied geomorphologic formations, ecosystems, and economies render the region susceptible to a range of adverse climate change impacts (Field et al.,.. Read More

The nexus between extreme weather events, sexual violence, and early marriage: a study of vulnerable populations in Bangladesh

This study aims to explore whether a relationship exists between extreme weather events, sexual violence, and early marriage. We selected two districts in Bangladesh that are vulnerable to extreme weather events: Sunamganj, which experiences flash flooding, and Brahmanbaria, which experiences cyclones and related floods. Survey data was collected from 120 randomly selected household heads from.. Read More

Jafor et al. 2019_Pop & Env

Farmers’ perceptions of and responses to environmental change in southwest coastal Bangladesh: Perceptions of environmental change

Coastal Bangladesh is highly vulnerable to climate change and salinisation; hence, farm-level adaptation is critically important. Farmers’ perceptions of and responses to environmental change were investigated in two villages in Khulna District. Perceived environmental trends included increases in temperature, extreme weather events, soil toxicity, erratic rainfall and scarcity of water for irrigation. Perceptions of climate.. Read More

Observed trends in temperature and rainfall in Bangladesh using pre-whitening approach

  • , et al.
  • 2019

Understanding the trend of temperature and rainfall is of prime importance for climate change related research. This research aims to identify the trends of temperature and rainfall for the last 50 years (1966–2015) for Bangladesh. To detect the trends, the non-parametric Mann–Kendall test in combination with a trend-free pre-whitening approach for correcting the time series to eliminate the.. Read More


Monthly changes in pCO2 in the Ganges River: implications for carbon release from soil to the atmosphere via inland waters

  • , et al.
  • 2019

Recent studies have revealed that inland waters, such as rivers, act as an excellent source of soil-derived CO2 for the atmosphere. This flow is comparable in magnitude to that of anthropogenic CO2 release, such as fossil fuel use, playing an important part in the global carbon cycle and future climate change. Although one of the.. Read More


Abstract The study examines the long-term and seasonal climatic variations in north-western part of Bangladesh (NWPB). Long-term variation of different climatic parameters reveals that significant increases in temperature are associated with decreasing evaporation which could be attributed to wind speed variation and seasonal variation of temperature. Increase of monsoon rainfall during monsoon period and scarcity.. Read More

Aridity index, Climate change, Hydrometeorology, Seasonal drought, Monsoon flood

Climate change-driven losses in ecosystem services of coastal wetlands: A case study in the West coast of Bangladesh

Abstract Climate change is globally recognized as one of the key drivers of degradation of coastal wetland ecosystems, causing considerable alteration of services provided by these habitats. Quantifying the physical impacts of climate change on these services is therefore of utmost importance. Yet, practical work in this field is fragmented and scarce in current literature, especially in developing.. Read More

Factors determining conversion of agricultural land use in Bangladesh: farmers’ perceptions and perspectives of climate change

Abstract The study was accomplished to identify the factors determining land conversion in Bangladesh and evaluate farmers’ perception about the changing land use decision. Data were collected from Mymensingh, Rajshahi and Khulna districts of Bangladesh. A total of 300 sample farmers were interviewed following purposive and random sampling technique. For analyzing data, a combination of.. Read More


What does autonomous adaptation to climate change have to teach public policy and planning about avoiding the risks of maladaptation in Bangladesh?

Climate vulnerability represents a highly complex public policy challenge for government due to its interaction with diverse social, political, economic and ecological factors across scale. The policy challenge is further exacerbated when rural livelihood opportunities depend on multiple land use practices within shared social-ecological systems and adaptation actions related to one practice affects the others… Read More

Three Essays on Managing Extreme Weather Events and Climatic Shocks in Developing and Developed Countries

Abstract Climate change and extreme weather events are affecting the environment, and people’s livelihood in both developing and developed countries. Agriculture, forestry, fishing, livestock, water resources, human health, terrestrial ecosystems, biodiversity, and coastal zones are among the major sectors impacted by these shocks. The challenge of adaptation is particularly acute in the developing countries, as.. Read More