Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Drought Hazard Evaluation in Boro Paddy Cultivated Areas of Western Bangladesh at Current and Future Climate Change Conditions

Drought hazard is one of the main hindrances for sustaining food security in Bangladesh, and climate change may exacerbate it in the next several decades. This study aims to evaluate drought hazard at current and future climate change conditions in the Boro paddy cultivated areas of western Bangladesh using simulated climate data from the outputs.. Read More

Small scale freshwater ponds in rural Bangladesh: navigating roles and services

The purpose of the paper is to explore the multidimensional roles of small freshwater ponds of rural Bangladesh. Ponds are a common landscape feature in rural Bangladesh, however, their multipurpose roles other than aquaculture are generally overlooked. Applying a key information-based interview method, the paper explores major uses and services of rural ponds, changes of.. Read More


Characterization and conservation of wetlands with global change dynamics: a case study on Ratargul Swamp Forest, Bangladesh

Bangladesh is known as the largest delta in the world, where 50% of the total country’s national land is wetlands. This wetland includes rivers, estuaries, mangroves, freshwater marshes, river marsh areas, water storage reservoirs, ponds and other seasonal flood areas. About 50% of people in this country are directly dependent on wetland resources for subsistence.. Read More

Delivering on the Promise: Ensuring the Successful Implementation of the 2030 Agenda in Bangladesh

At the 70th session of the United Nations General Assembly on 25 September 2015, member states adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The agenda, which introduced 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets, reflects an ambitious, transformative vision for global development. Unlike the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the SDGs were formulated to be.. Read More

Save the children
bangladesh journal online

Sundarban mangroves: diversity, ecosystem services and climate change impacts

The Bengal delta coast harboring the famous Sundarban mangroves is extremely vulnerable to climate change. Already, salinity intrusion, increasing cyclones and anomalies in rainfall, and temperature, are causing many social and livelihood problems. However, our knowledge on the diversified climate change impacts on Sundarban ecosystems services, providing immense benefits, including foods, shelters, livelihood, and health.. Read More

Assessment of fresh water security in coastal Bangladesh: An insight from salinity, community perception and adaptation

Safe drinking water scarcity is an acute problem in the coastal regions of Bangladesh which is mainly caused by salinity intrusion. In this context, drinking water sources are severely affected, including adverse effects on agriculture, health, fisheries and the ecosystem. This research investigates i) selected water quality parameters ii) local people’s perception on drinking water.. Read More


Gender and climate change

This study reviews the literature on gender relations and climate change. Gender analysis contributes to our understanding of: (1) vulnerability and climate change impacts; (2) adaptations in different contexts; (3) responsibility for greenhouse gas emissions; (4) inequalities in climate governance; and (5) knowledges and social action on climate change. Overall, the literature has established that.. Read More

Farm-level Adaptation to Climate Change in Western Bangladesh: An Analysis of Adaptation Dynamics, Profitability and Risks

Using long-term district-level climate data and a case study from a drought-prone village in western Bangladesh, this research explores trends in climate change, and analyses farmers’ adaptation dynamics, profitability and risks. This is the first study of its kind for drought-prone areas in Bangladesh. District-level temperature trended upwards across all seasons except in winter, while.. Read More


Impact of temperature raising on crop production in Tangail, Bangladesh: A case study in Tangail district, Bangladesh

A case study in Tangail district, Bangladesh was carried out from September, 2013 to February 2014 to observe the trend of temperature with time series plot and the impact of temperature crop production. Questionnaire survey, field observation and FGD methods were used to collect primary data while a long duration (1990-2010) secondary data were collected.. Read More

Metabolic heat production by human and animal populations in cities

Anthropogenic heating from building energy use, vehicle fuel consumption, and human metabolism is a key term in the urban energy budget equation. Heating from human metabolism, however, is often excluded from urban energy budgets because it is widely observed to be negligible. Few reports for low-latitude cities are available to support this observation, and no.. Read More