Temporal dynamics of land use/land cover change and its prediction using CA-ANN model for southwestern coastal Bangladesh

Change analysis of land use and land cover (LULC) is a technique to study the environmental degradation and to control the unplanned development. Analysis of the past changing trend of LULC along with modeling future LULC provides a combined opportunity to evaluate and guide the present and future land use policy. The southwest coastal region.. Read More

Enhancing coordination in water management through communication tools: Results from experimental games in Coastal Bangladesh

Canal siltation is a pervasive problem in coastal Bangladesh causing water-logging and losses in crop yield. Although timely maintenance of canals through regular contributions from the community can solve this problem; it often breaks down because of the free riding issue, a common feature in the provision of public goods. Previous literature on experimental games.. Read More

International Journal of the Commons

Social Impacts of Solar Home Systems in Rural Areas: A Case Study in Bangladesh

As an alternative source of off-grid electric power, solar home systems (SHS) stand out above all other options (e.g., wind, hydro, geo-thermal, tidal systems) because of their wide-scale potential at latitudes less than 45° north or south of the Equator where daily solar irradiance is more constant throughout the year and where the bulk of.. Read More

Remote Sensing-Based Quantification of the Impact of Flash Flooding on the Rice Production: A Case Study over Northeastern Bangladesh

The northeastern region of Bangladesh often experiences flash flooding during the pre-harvesting period of the boro rice crop, which is the major cereal crop in the country. In this study, our objective was to delineate the impact of the 2017 flash flood (that initiated on 27 March 2017) on boro rice using multi-temporal Landsat-8 OLI and MODIS data. Initially,.. Read More

University of Sussex

Bamboo beating bandits: conflict, inequality, and vulnerability in the political ecology of climate change adaptation in Bangladesh

Bangladesh contributes little to global greenhouse gas emissions, yet it is one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change. Based on semi-structured research interviews as a conduit to a literature review, this paper shows how the processes of enclosure, exclusion, encroachment, and entrenchment impede the vitality of its climate change adaptation efforts. Enclosure refers.. Read More

Possible factors influencing NGOs’ project locations for disaster management in Bangladesh

Although non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are important actors in the field of disaster management (DM) in natural disaster-prone countries such as Bangladesh, the spatial distribution of their activities and factors influencing their site selection are not well researched. Therefore, this research elucidated the spatial distribution of NGOs working in DM in Bangladesh for the past seven.. Read More


Predicting design water requirement of winter paddy under climate change condition using frequency analysis in Bangladesh

The effects of climate change on the agricultural sector are tremendous. Thus, it is essential to determine its impacts on agricultural water resources and to minimize adverse effects on crop production. The present study aims to simulate climate data based on SRES A1B scenario from the outputs of three General Circulation Models (GCMs) namely, FGOAL,.. Read More

Adaptation or conflict? Responses to climate change in water management in Bangladesh

The potential of climate change to impact local conflict and cooperation over natural resources has received relatively little attention. Bangladesh floodplains are highly vulnerable to environmental stresses that are worsening with climate change, and community organisations have to respond to water insecurity − seasonally too little or too much. Two case studies based on action.. Read More


Evaluation of climate change induced vulnerability and adaptation strategies at Haor areas in Bangladesh by integrating GIS and DIVA model

The research paper aims at understanding the level of vulnerability of the Haor communities in Sulla Upazila of Sunamganj District due to climate change induced events. It assesses the climate change impacts on household and community level and summarizes the adaptation efforts by the communities and reconfirms the communities’ challenges and needs. Using geographic information.. Read More

Exploring standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index for drought assessment in Bangladesh

Drought is a critical issue, and it has a pressing, negative impact on agriculture, ecosystems, livelihoods, food security, and sustainability. The problem has been studied globally, but its regional or even local dimension is sometimes overlooked. Local-level drought assessment is necessary for developing adaptation and mitigation strategies for that particular region. Keeping this in understanding,.. Read More