Preprints

Seasonal Trend Analysis of Climatic Parameters Relation to Impacts on the Crop Productivity of the Major Crops in Bangladesh

In Bangladesh, climate change is a major concern because of its geophysical location and climate dependent agriculture. As sessile organisms, crops plants have to face difficulties often in this environmentally vulnerable country. Therefore, this study examines the seasonal trend of two climatic parameters viz. temperature (maximum and minimum) and rainfall over a period of 1983.. Read More

Understanding Climate Adaptation Cultures in Global Context: Proposal for an Explanatory Framework

This paper aims at enhancing the previously formulated culture-theoretical explanation of risk-related perception and action with ecological and institutional connectedness. This is needed for global comparison of adaptation cultures as well as transferability of local knowledge. Differences in climate-related patterns of knowledge will therefore be explained by common patterns of socially shared knowledge in relation.. Read More

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Carbon Stock Quantification and Tree Diversity Assessment of Homegardens in Rangpur District

Homegarden systems are suggested to hold a large potential for carbon (C) sequestration, especially for climate change mitigation and adaptation under changing environment. This is due to their multifunctional ecosystem services while decreasing pressure on natural forests and hence saving and storing carbon. In this research total above and bellow ground carbon stock, tree species.. Read More

Land Use Change in Southwestern Coastal Bangladesh: Consequence to Food and Water Supply

The coastal area in Bangladesh constitutes about 32 % of the country. This one-third of the country’s land is recognized as a zone subject to intensive human use. Land use in the coastal Bangladesh is diverse, competitive, and conflicting. Over the last half-century, coastal land uses of Bangladesh have gone through major changes. Since the 1950s.. Read More

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Integration of Disaster Risk Reduction into Land Use Planning: Experience of Bangladesh

Bangladesh is highly exposed to different kinds of natural hazards, including cyclone, flood, landslide, and drought. Due to its geographical location and historical evidence of seismic events, the country is considered to be highly vulnerable to earthquake, especially its fast-growing urban centers. Rapid urbanization without proper guidance has led to haphazard development of many urban.. Read More

Heavy metal accumulation during the last 30 years in the Karnaphuli River estuary, Chittagong, Bangladesh

Heavy metal contamination of aquatic environment has attracted global attention owing to its abundance, persistence, and environmental toxicity, especially in developing countries like Bangladesh. Five heavy metals, namely chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) were investigated in surface and core sediments of the Karnaphuli River (KR) estuary in Chittagong, Bangladesh,.. Read More

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The role of microfinance in household livelihood adaptation in the Satkhira District, Southwest Bangladesh

There is increasing interest in the potential of microfinance to foster climate change adaptation. However, existing literature over-relies upon theoretical arguments rather than empirical evidence, and until now the emphasis has been on potential positive linkages. We address these weaknesses by empirically examining the role of microfinance in adaptation, drawing from household-level quantitative and qualitative.. Read More

Effect of sea level rise induced permanent inundation on the livelihood of polder enclosed beel communities in Bangladesh: people’s perception

The south-west coastal region of Bangladesh is adversely affected by sea level rise (SLR). To investigate the impacts of SLR on polder-enclosed beel communities, the Beel Dakatia (second largest beel in Bangladesh) region under polder no. 25 is considered as the study area. In the region, six villages named Kalitala, Kalibari, Krishna Nagar, Tolna (south),.. Read More

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Mapping Long-Term Changes in Mangrove Species Composition and Distribution in the Sundarbans

The Sundarbans mangrove forest is an important resource for the people of the Ganges Delta. It plays an important role in the local as well as global ecosystem by absorbing carbon dioxide and other pollutants from air and water, offering protection to millions of people in the Ganges Delta against cyclone and water surges, stabilizing.. Read More

Measuring Climate Change Vulnerability and its Adaptive Capacity: Policies and Planning for Bangladesh

Aims: The paper aims to quantify the spatial vulnerability and adaptive capacity to climate change throughout the various regions i.e. divisions of Bangladesh. Another aim was to formulate befitted policies and planning to reduce the climate change vulnerability for the rural poor. Study Design: A statistical methodology was implemented to quantify vulnerability and adaptive capacity.. Read More

British Journal of Environment and Climate Change