Author/s:

Rahman, M.
Muhaymin, A.
Rahman, M.

Publisher:

ResearchGate

Year of Publication:

2019

ABSTRACT

The coastal area of Bangladesh has experienced frequent cyclones associated with storm surges in the last few decades. After the 1990s, activities like construction of cyclone shelter, early warning system, and awareness building program plays a very effective role to reduce the fatalities and damages due to disaster in the coastal area. Though the actions were effective still a large number of houses are damaged due to disaster on a regular basis and cause repetitive economic losses and distresses to the people. From several studies on post-disaster shelter response, has highlighted the need for more contextual approaches such as the construction of the individual housing unit using a participatory approach to make a community more resilient. The aim of the paper is to systematically capture the hazard responses of the individual housing unit, which was developed based on the participatory design process in the coastal zone of Bangladesh. Including absorbing shocks, securing food and water safety, the house can relocate and its materials could be preserved to reduce the repair cost after disaster for ensuring resilience. A schematic prototype house is offered which can adapt to the impact of cyclone-induced storm-surges of the coastal area is under study. Furthermore, upgrading the existing design by addressing the limitations through monitoring and evaluation will enhance the resilience of construction of individual housing unit in the future.

comments powered by Disqus