The World Bank,


The World Bank

Year of Publication:


This policy note focuses on analyzing critical institutional and planning issues affecting Dhaka’s Metropolitan Area, and suggests policy recommendations for introducing sound urban environmental planning to improve the quality of life by mitigating and reversing environmental degradation. The recently completed Country Environmental Assessment found that while Bangladesh has a reasonably well developed set of environmental policies and regulations, the country does not have a comprehensive policy on urbanization. The CEA acknowledges that enforcement is enormously weak, and the challenges cannot be addressed by environmental authorities alone. Against Dhaka’s rapid development, changing urban landscape and critical environmental and governance challenges, the need for institutional strengthening and requisite city planning is becoming increasingly important. This policy note also builds on the Strategic Environmental Assessment of Dhaka Area Development Plans, carried out in 2007. The Policy note draws on the SEA consultation process and conclusions. It provides an overview of Dhaka’s urban development challenges – the first such in some time – and recommends a series of options for enhancing environmental planning aspects for consideration by policy and decision makers in the Government.

The key objectives of the note are to:

• Identify the key environmental issues in the Dhaka metropolis with a focus on urban development planning and supporting institutional systems

• Inform strategic planning and overarching national sectoral strategies relevant to the development of Dhaka City

• Gauge the strengths and weaknesses in government policies and relevant institutions for urban environmental management

• Provide policy recommendations for strengthening urban planning and institutional capacity building in Greater Dhaka


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