Shahriar Rahman / Macquarie University, Md Nyeem Hasan Khan / GoB, Md Sayful Islam / PSTU, Md Touhiduzzaman / PSTU,
Climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction (DRR) through coastal afforestation in South-Central Coast of Bangladesh
Year of Publication:
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to focus on the local-level initiatives through coastal afforestation, the natural and socio-economic context of the study area (Hatiya Upazila of Noakhali District, Bangladesh) and the adaptation and DRR strategies generated through coastal afforestation in coastal Bangladesh.
Design/methodology/approach – Field observations, focus group discussions (FGDs), semi-structured interviews, and transects were accomplished in both the dry and wet season. Spatial database generated and land use mapping integrated social and technical investigation. Five FDG sessions with participants from different livelihood options (fishermen, farmers and social representatives) were organised and, on average,
15~18 participants participated in each participatory session.
Findings – Mangrove plantation can be used to access new land and create alternative livelihoods, which are important for local community adaptation and to reduce disaster risks. Mangrove plantations provide chances for new land management options to be developed for use in Bangladesh.
Research limitations/implications – This study was conducted only at the south-central coastal district of Bangladesh. Data collection to summarise all the socio-economic issues is limited.
Practical implications – This paper can be used for the integration of geospatial and social research techniques to understand the community approach to fight against climate change-induced impacts.
Originality/value – The research is solely conducted by the authors. The conducted approach is a
blend of social and technical knowledge and techniques in generating community resilience at the south-central coast of Bangladesh.