Transparency International Bangladesh
Year of Publication:
This report was prepared based on the findings generated through monitoring of fund flows and tracking of projects; one from Bangladesh Climate change Trust Fund (BCCTF) and another from Bangladesh Climate Change Resilience Fund (BCCRF). It also identified governance challenges in the approvals and relation of projects submitted by NGOs and think tanks by the Board of the BCCTF and assessing quality of implementation of three selected projects under BCCTF funding. The study revealed a number of irregularities, nepotism and incidences of corruption at different stages of project formulation, NGO selection and implementation.
According to the study till 2013, Bangladesh received only US$ 594 million from Annex-1 countries as commitment under Bangladesh Climate Change Strategic Action Plan (BCCAP). Until June 2013, the country received US$ 147 million under the Bangladesh Climate Change Resilience Fund (BCCRF) against commitment of US$ 170 million for 11 ongoing projects. On the other hand, the government implemented 139 projects at cost of US$ 340 million from its own source under Bangladesh Climate Change Trust Fund (BCCTF) and received US$190.78 million till June 2013 for implementing 139 GoB and 63 NGO projects across the country.
Studying the governance practices of the World Bank led BCCRF project, the report reveals a number of challenges including faulty disclosure of information, nominal involvement of affected people in project implementation process, political influence in selecting contractors, violation of public procurement rules, lack of accountability and proper monitoring in project implementation; poor quality of construction lack of accountability due to absence of effective complaint redresses mechanisms. Apart from these irregularities, the study also identified project finance being disbursed as credit assistance contrary to principles of climate finance.
The study provides a set of recommendations including highest disclosure of project related information; inclusion of affected people at every stage of project formulation and implementation; establish complain mechanism and quick disposal of complains. For NGO implemented projects, TIB recommended setting up a watchdog body like an integrated national platform in addition to existing selection and approval committee, full freedom to Palli Karma Shahayok Foundation (PKSF) in selecting NGOs, on the basis of their competency, quick disposal of funds and above all zero political pressure and exemplary punishment in case of any corrupt practice.