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Governance constituents play a critical role in addressing energy security perspectives, especially for developing Asia. The Asian energy revolution is facing a set of complex challenges such as path-dependent energy systems, unreliable distribution of energy services, poor governance capacity, cross-border energy diplomacy, and climate change. This study aims to analyze energy governance of the electricity sector in Bangladesh under consideration of resource poverty. A systematic review process was applied to identify the most relevant governance criteria, and attributes representing these criteria. Consequently, the situation in Bangladesh was qualitatively assessed based on secondary data from government reports, statistics and scientific papers. The findings suggest that the electricity sector lacks proper accountancy and institutional capacity, political stability and bureaucratic flexibility, and also plugs into international regime interventions. This study therefore systematically points out current and upcoming policy issues related to energy security, and offers a conceptual lens to study energy governance in the context of similar country settings.