Rahman, M.
Bodrud-Doza, M.
Islam, A.
Saha, N.
Shen, S.


Springer International Publishing

Year of Publication:


Sustainable groundwater quality has become a major concern for the agro-based country like Bangladesh. Integrated approaches of various irrigation water quality indices and geostatistical modeling were applied to evaluate the suitability and for spatial mapping of groundwater quality of Faridpur District in central Bangladesh. The irrigation water quality index (IWQI) revealed that majority of the samples were suitable for irrigation. Similar outcomes were recorded from other indices including Na%, sodium adsorption ratio (SAR), residual sodium bicarbonate (RSBC), total hardness (TH), Kelley’s ratio (KR), and magnesium adsorption ratio (MAR). Classifications based on Wilcox diagram and permeability index (PI) plot indicated a similar conclusion wherein almost all the samples were safe for agricultural uses without posing considerable effect on the soil fertility and overall crop yield. Principal component analysis (PCA) grouped the major cations and anions into three principal components including dissolution of calcite minerals, leaching of silicate sediments, and ion exchange process. Spatial mapping of IWQI identified that groundwater in the northern side of Faridpur region were more suitable for irrigational uses relative to central and southern side, possibly due to gradients of domestic discharges and agricultural activates from north to south side. These findings would provide useful information to water distributors, managers, and decision makers for taking adaptive measures in irrigation water quality management systems.

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