Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, India
Year of Publication:
After a thorough examination of the available literature on water issues between Bangladesh, India and Nepal, the author has observed that there is an acute lack of scholarly work on issues pertaining to water issues in South Asia. Most of the work available is in the form of newspaper articles. Additionally, the available reports do not provide an objective assessment of water issues.
A bulk of the reports and articles tend to be biased to the country of publication and this fact results in the creation of a body of information, which is fed in a biased fashion to the public, and creates negative perceptions of the other country in the public opinion.
Lastly, it is observed that water problems in South Asia are essentially the result of the lack of a political consensus among the various countries which transforms the smallest issues into intractable ones.
The author concludes that it is undeniable that water issues between India and Nepal, or between India and Bangladesh are not significant enough to cause any serious concern for any of the countries individually. However, the problem escalates considerably if it is placed within the context of the region of South Asia, which is facing water shortage and agrarian difficulties, and which will continue to face increasing demands on energy and water with the rapid growth in industrialization.